Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Free will

Fully updated and revised April 19, 2011

1 Compatibilism
2 Incompatibilism
3 Pessimism
4 Moral responsibility
5 Metaphysics and moral psychology
6 Challenges to pessimism
7 Recent work

Galen Strawson

Related Articles

See also
Further discussion

See also

Crime and punishment
Desert and merit
Mental causation
Moral agents
Moral psychology
Moral psychology, empirical work in
Will, the

Further discussion

free will

  1. Free will

astrology (Ibn Ezra, A.)

  1. Ibn Ezra, Abraham

benevolence (Franklin, B.)

  1. Franklin, Benjamin

Boethius, A.M.S.

determinism debate


  1. Stoicism

divine justice

divine providence

Early and Middle Platonism

  1. Platonism, Early and Middle: 8 Ethics

environmental determinants (Pomponazzi, P.)

  1. Pomponazzi, Pietro: 4 Morality and freedom


  1. Fatalism

futuribilia (conditional future contingents)

  1. Molinism
  2. Suárez, Francisco: 1 Life and works

Gerard of Odo

  1. Gerard of Odo

grace relationship

Bernard of Clairvaux

  1. Bernard of Clairvaux


  1. Molinism

Marston, R.

  1. Marston, Roger

mind/soul relationship



  1. Nemesius

Olivi, P.J.

  1. Olivi, Peter John


rational psychology (Amo, A.W.)

  1. Amo, Anton Wilhelm

reason relationship (Matthew of Aquasparta)

  1. Matthew of Aquasparta (c.1238ߝ1302)

relations of perfection (Malebranche, N.)

  1. Malebranche, Nicolas: 5 Ethics

Renaissance philosophy

  1. Renaissance philosophy

Renaissance scepticism (Erasmus, D.)

  1. Erasmus, Desiderius: 4 Scepticism

Richard of Middleton

  1. Richard of Middleton

scientific behaviourism (Skinner, B.F.)

  1. Skinner, Burrhus Frederick

self-awareness (Nishida Kitarō)

  1. Nishida Kitaro

unitary action (Bergson, H.-L.)

  1. Bergson, Henri-Louis: 3 Bergson and Zeno

unitary function (Cudworth, R.)

  1. Cudworth, Ralph: 5 Free will

voluntarism (Henry of Ghent)

  1. Henry of Ghent: 5 Theory of will

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